Monday, May 20, 2013

How to restore the spfile while using the flash recovery area and not the recovery catalog

Imagine someone has deleted your spfile or you have modified it in depth that you are now unable to even startup your database.
Your only option is to restore your spfile and this step is easy if you have not forgot to setup your RMAN environment to use the AUTOBACKUP feature: RMAN> CONFIGURE CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP ON;

Because I'm using the flash recovery area, this setup will use it as default location where to save the controlfile and spfile.
Every time you backup your database or change your database structure (add/drop a tablespace or datafile and so on) RMAN will automatically save your current controlfile and spfile.
It's important to know where your autobackup is saved because when you begin to restore your spfile, RMAN will open the database in NOMOUNT mode and without the spfile it won't have any possibilities to know where the flash recovery area is located.

It's completely different when you are using a recovery catalog because it knows exactly where the latest available autobackup is located.
If you are not using a recovery catalog, in order to restore the spfile you have also to set your database identifier (DBID).
When your database is open you can obtain that information querying the V$DATABASE view, but now your database can't even mount.
My approach is to preserve and send me by email the RMAN log of every backup I take: in that log you can extract the database identifier you need.
Indeed every time you connect to your database through RMAN you can see that value:
[oracle@localhost dbs]$ rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on Mon Aug 27 08:06:12 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: ORCL (DBID=1229390655)

RMAN>
Currently I'm using an spfile located in the default location ($ORACLE_HOME/dbs)
SQL> show parameter spfile

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
spfile                               string      /home/oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/dbs/spfileorcl.ora
On the default parameter file location I have the following parameter files:
[oracle@localhost dbs]$ ll *.ora
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oracle 2851 May 15  2009 init.ora
-rw-r----- 1 oracle oracle  621 Oct  2  2010 initorcl.ora
-rw-r----- 1 oracle oracle 3584 Aug 27 07:28 spfileorcl.ora
I simulate a deletion of my parameter files:
[oracle@localhost dbs]$ mv init.ora init.ora.20120828_020500.bck
[oracle@localhost dbs]$ mv initorcl.ora initorcl.ora.20120828_020500.bck
[oracle@localhost dbs]$ mv spfileorcl.ora spfileorcl.ora.20120828_020500.bck
Now let's see what it happens when I try to startup the database.
[oracle@localhost dbs]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Tue Aug 28 02:08:33 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
ORA-01078: failure in processing system parameters
LRM-00109: could not open parameter file '/home/oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/dbs/initorcl.ora'
We have to restore our spfile. Let's begin. Start RMAN:
[oracle@localhost dbs]$ rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on Tue Aug 28 02:14:02 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database (not started)
Force RMAN to start an instance without a parameter file. You have to use the FORCE option:
RMAN> startup force nomount;

startup failed: ORA-01078: failure in processing system parameters
LRM-00109: could not open parameter file '/home/oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/dbs/initorcl.ora'

starting Oracle instance without parameter file for retrieval of spfile
Oracle instance started

Total System Global Area     159019008 bytes

Fixed Size                     1342848 bytes
Variable Size                 79692416 bytes
Database Buffers              75497472 bytes
Redo Buffers                   2486272 bytes
Now you have to set your DBID:
RMAN> set DBID 1229390655;

executing command: SET DBID
Let's see first what it happens when I specify the restore spfile from autobackup command and the autobackups are not saved on the default location ($ORACLE_HOME/dbs)
RMAN> restore spfile from autobackup;

Starting restore at 28-08-2012 02:18:51
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=19 device type=DISK

channel ORA_DISK_1: looking for AUTOBACKUP on day: 20120828
channel ORA_DISK_1: looking for AUTOBACKUP on day: 20120827
channel ORA_DISK_1: looking for AUTOBACKUP on day: 20120826
channel ORA_DISK_1: looking for AUTOBACKUP on day: 20120825
channel ORA_DISK_1: looking for AUTOBACKUP on day: 20120824
channel ORA_DISK_1: looking for AUTOBACKUP on day: 20120823
channel ORA_DISK_1: looking for AUTOBACKUP on day: 20120822
channel ORA_DISK_1: no AUTOBACKUP in 7 days found
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-03002: failure of restore command at 08/28/2012 02:18:54
RMAN-06172: no AUTOBACKUP found or specified handle is not a valid copy or piece
RMAN is not able to know where the autobacks are. It doesn't know if I used a flash recovery area and where eventually that FRA was located.
So I have to explicitly tell RMAN where autobackup is located and which to use. To identify the autobackup I need to locate my flash recovery area and go through the autobackup directory
[oracle@localhost dbs]$ cd /home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/autobackup
[oracle@localhost autobackup]$ ll -lrt
total 20
drwxrwx--- 2 oracle oracle 4096 Jul 17 09:05 2012_07_17
drwxrwx--- 2 oracle oracle 4096 Jul 21 08:44 2012_07_21
drwxrwx--- 2 oracle oracle 4096 Jul 25 07:53 2012_07_25
drwxrwx--- 2 oracle oracle 4096 Jul 26 06:59 2012_07_26
drwxrwx--- 2 oracle oracle 4096 Aug 21 07:57 2012_08_21
The latest autobackup is located in the 2012_08_21 directory:
[oracle@localhost autobackup]$ ls -lrth 2012_08_21
total 19M
-rw-rw---- 1 oracle oracle 9.5M Aug 21 07:42 o1_mf_s_791883766_8377m7v2_.bkp
-rw-rw---- 1 oracle oracle 9.5M Aug 21 07:57 o1_mf_s_791884673_8378hktd_.bkp
I will use the o1_mf_s_791884673_8378hktd_.bkp autobackup to restore the spfile.
RMAN> restore spfile from '/home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/autobackup/2012_08_21/o1_mf_s_791884673_8378hktd_.bkp';

Starting restore at 28-08-2012 03:18:57
using channel ORA_DISK_1

channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring spfile from AUTOBACKUP /home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/autobackup/2012_08_21/o1_mf_s_791884673_8378hktd_.bkp
channel ORA_DISK_1: SPFILE restore from AUTOBACKUP complete
Finished restore at 28-08-2012 03:18:58
Now I can bounce the instance and successfully open the database.
RMAN> startup force;

Oracle instance started
database mounted
database opened

Total System Global Area     456146944 bytes

Fixed Size                     1344840 bytes
Variable Size                352324280 bytes
Database Buffers              96468992 bytes
Redo Buffers                   6008832 bytes
As you can see there's a new spfile on the default parameter file location
[oracle@localhost dbs]$ ls -lrt *.ora
-rw-rw---- 1 oracle oracle 3584 Aug 28 02:56 spfileorcl.ora
According to the "Oracle Database Backup and Recovery Reference 11g Release 2 (11.2)" manual on page 3-40 (or n.248 of that pdf) if you look at "Table 3-10 RESTORE ... FROM AUTOBACKUP" you can also do not set the DBID when you specify RECOVERY AREA and DB_NAME on the restore command, that is:
[oracle@localhost dbs]$ rm spfileorcl.ora
[oracle@localhost dbs]$ rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on Tue Aug 28 03:44:23 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database (not started)

RMAN> startup force nomount;

startup failed: ORA-01078: failure in processing system parameters
LRM-00109: could not open parameter file '/home/oracle/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_2/dbs/initorcl.ora'

starting Oracle instance without parameter file for retrieval of spfile
Oracle instance started

Total System Global Area     159019008 bytes

Fixed Size                     1342848 bytes
Variable Size                 79692416 bytes
Database Buffers              75497472 bytes
Redo Buffers                   2486272 bytes

RMAN> restore spfile from autobackup recovery area='/home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area' db_name=orcl;

Starting restore at 28-08-2012 03:45:51
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=19 device type=DISK

recovery area destination: /home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area
database name (or database unique name) used for search: ORCL
channel ORA_DISK_1: AUTOBACKUP /home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/autobackup/2012_08_21/o1_mf_s_791884673_8378hktd_.bkp found in the recovery area
AUTOBACKUP search with format "%F" not attempted because DBID was not set
channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring spfile from AUTOBACKUP /home/oracle/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area/ORCL/autobackup/2012_08_21/o1_mf_s_791884673_8378hktd_.bkp
channel ORA_DISK_1: SPFILE restore from AUTOBACKUP complete
Finished restore at 28-08-2012 03:45:55

RMAN> startup force;

Oracle instance started
database mounted
database opened

Total System Global Area     456146944 bytes

Fixed Size                     1344840 bytes
Variable Size                352324280 bytes
Database Buffers              96468992 bytes
Redo Buffers                   6008832 bytes
That's all.

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Large amounts of ice are demanded for various purposes in many ice Machines commercial entities such as Restaurants, Bars, Ice Cream Parlors, Bakeries, Country Clubs and Golf Courses. A commercial ice machine is the perfect choice for such places as the large quantity of ice also needs to be a certain quality as well. Automatic commercial ice machines will make plenty of ice of equal size in a short span of time. All you need to do is just start the machine and set the required functions, and leave the rest up to the machine. You will get good quantity of quality ice in a short amount of time. In addition, many commercial ice machines come with a self cleaning function. This will help maintain the quality and quantity if the produced ice while decreasing the time that you and or your staff must spend with the machine.

Keep in mind that there are two varieties of ice machines: air cooled and waterice Machines cooled. Air cooled ice machines use air to disperse the heat, whereas water cooled ice machine uses water to do the same function. Air cooled ice machines use more energy and also are much noisier than water cooled ice machines. However, they are more affordable than water cooled ice machines.

An assorted collection of wonderful, fast and energy efficient commercial ice makers are readilyice Machines available in the market. Various renowned and reliable manufacturers have come up with their unique range of these amazing machines. Numerous models that create different types and sizes of ice are available in the local and online market. A competitive urge of creating more efficient and cost effective ice machines, has left the customers and consumers with a distinctive variety of these units in which to choose.

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On Line said...


تعد المكيفات من اهم الاشياء اللازم وجودها داخل المنزل نظرا للتغيرات المناخية اصبح الجو اكثر حرارة فى فصل الصيف فيجب الاهتمام بالمكيفات و اصلاحها من اى عطل يوجد بداخلها و لكن ينظر العميل للتكلفة الغالية لاصلاح المكيف وذا يسبب له الازعاج و القلق فالان ودعا الازعاج و القلق مع شركة ريحان الجنة لاصلاح مكيفات بالرياض فنحن لدينا افضل عمالة فنية مدربة بشكل كافى و على اعلى مستوى كما ان تقدم الشركة افضل و اقل الاسعار و التى تناسب كافة الاشخاص كما ان شركتنا من افضل و اقدم و اعرق الشركات الموجودة بالمملكة حيث ان شركتنا تتميز عن غيرها فى اصلاح المكيفات وتسليمها للعميل و كانها جديدة
شركة غسيل مكيفات بالرياض شركة اصلاح مكيفات بالرياض شركة فك و تركيب مكيفات بالرياض شركة صيانه مكيفات بالرياض شركة تنظيف مكيفات بالرياض اقوي عماله مدربه و مهنيين محترفين لدي شركة البارون فقط ، لديهم خبره رائعه في مجال التنظيف و في استخدام جميع المنظفات و المعدات و الاجهزه الخاصه بالتنظيف ، كما ان لديه شهادات خبره من الخارج في التعامل مع العملاء و تقديم جميع المساعده لهم و الاحتياجات . افضل الاجهزه الالكترونيه الحديثه التي تعطي نظافه مبهره ، و افضل المنظفات و الملمعات الحديثه ، نستخدم جميع التقنيات الحديثه و المستورده من الخارج ، لكي يحصل العميل علي النظافه المبهره و المطلوبه دائماً . شركة تنظيف بمكة ,شركة تنظيف بخميس مشيط , شركة تنظيف فلل بجدة
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On Line said...


فشركتنا من افضل الشركات التي تقوم بهذه الخدمه علي اكمل وجه و تقديم ضمانات للعميل لضمان عدم حدوث تسريب في المياه مره اخري واذا حدث نقوم بتصليحها مجاناً او حسب طبيعه المشكله ، من الان لا لارتفاع فواتير المياه الناجمه عن تسربات المياه و لا انشقاق الدهانات و الاسقف و لا لحدوت تصدعات ارضيه بالمنزل . طريقه معالجة كشف تسربات المياه في شركتنا :- يتم الاتصال بشركتنا لطلب خدمة كشف تسربات المياه و الصيانه . يتم ارسال فريق عمل شركة الاهليه المكون من مهندسيين و خبراء متخصصيين في كشف تسربات المياه و لديهم خبره رائعه و لا يقف امامهم مصاعب او عوائق , يتم الكشف عن مكان تسربات المياه و تحديد الخلل و السبب . ثم نقوم بالبدء في الاصلاحات و معالجه الامر بأقصي سرعه باستخدام احدث الاجهزه الالكترونيه و المعدات الجاهزه و الاجهزه الصوتيه و الحراريه التي تساعدنا علي الكشف بسرعه و معرفه اسباب التسريب و معالجته بأقصي سرعه . ثم نقوم باختبار ما تم تصليحه للتأكد من عملنا ، و تقديم الضمانات الكامله لضمان عدم حدوث تسرب مره اخري . نقوم ايضاً بمعالجه تسريات الخزانات و المسابح . و القيام بعزل الاسطح لان ارتفاع درجه الحراره قد تكون سبب من اسباب حدوث التسريب و تقوم بشق المواسير مما يسبب تسريب المياه من المواسير . نقوم بمعالجه مشكله تسريب المياه بدون كسر او خدش او تلف شركة كشف تسربات المياه بالرياض شركة تسليك مجارى بالرياض شركة كشف تسربات المياه بجدة شركة تسليك مجارى بجدة
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On Line said...

يمكن لتلك الحشره ان تسبب الكثير من الخسائر فقد تجد في بعض الاماكن الموجود بها النمل الابيض تآكل في المفروشات و السجاد و الموكيت مما يؤدي الى عدم استخدامه مره اخرى .كما انها عندما تسكن الاثاث الخرساني تقوم بعمل خنادق و فراغات في الاثاث نفسه بدافع التغذي على السليلوز في طوب البناء قد تؤدي تلك الفراغات الى انهيار المبنى و تخريبه من الداخل مع العلم انه يصعب معالجة تلك الامور ببساطه . لذلك فيجب ضرورة الحرص عند الشروع في بناء المنشئات فيجب فحص الارض جيدا التي سيقام عليها عملية البناء و فحص الاراضي المجاوره و بخاصة اذا كانت زراعيه و ذلك متوافر لدينا في شركة تويكسات و كل ما يلزم لفحص الاراضي و الوقايه من النمل الابيض . فأذا تم العثور على تلك الحشره موجوده في الارض يتم الرش فورا على ايد فريقنا و يتم تقدير كمية المبيد قبل استخدامه و ذلك لمراعاة عدم الافراط في استخدامه .بعد التأكد من تنقية الارض من الحشرات و الآفات تبدأ عملية البناء و بعد ذلك يتم رش الاثاثات و المفروشات و الادوات المستخدمه في المبنى لضمان الوقايه ضد تلك الحشره المزعجه لا نستطيع التحدث عن خطر الحشرات فى حياتنا وبالاخص فى الرياض ونعلم جميعاً مدي المعاناة التى تواجه منازلنا وتحديداً فى اوقات الصيف ولكن من بعد اليوم لن تجد معاناه فى القضاء على هذه الحشرات ولن تبذل جهد او مال لكى تحقق ماتريد بطرق امنه وكل هذا سوف يتحقق مع شركة تويكسات حيث ستصبح مطمئناً معانا وفى امان دائماً حيث جاءنا اليكم باافضل العمالة والمعدات والادويه الامنه على الصحه والبيئه . ونعلم جميعاً ان الحديث عن الحشرات وانواعها واطرق القضاء عليها سوف يتسغرق اياماً وليس كلمات معدودة تكتب فى مقال ولكن سنحاول الايجاز فى هذا الموضوع عن انواع الحشرات وطرق مكافحتها . توجد انواع كثيرة من الحشرات ومن اكثر هذه الحشرات تواجداً فى الرياض ( النمل الابيض , البق , الصراصير , الفئران ) وتوجد ايضاً انواع اخرى ولكنها نادرة . شركة مكافحة حشرات بجدة شركة مكافحه النمل الابيض بالقصيم شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بجدة شركة مكافحة حشرات بحائل شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بحائل شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بالمدينه المنوره شركة مكافحة حشرات بتبوك شركة مكافحة حشرات بالخرج شركة مكافحة حشرات بالاحساء شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بالمدينه المنوره

On Line said...


و لكن في حالة مكافحة الفئران : فكما نعلم ان ذلك يحتاج الى طرق اخرى تختلف عن طرق مكافحة الحشرات لذا فتمتلك شركة تويكسات فريق مدرب على اصعب الظروف و لدينا ايضا افضل المبيدات و الصواعق و باستخدام المعدات العالميه المناسبه و المصرح بها من قبل وزارة الصحه و ذلك للحرص على سلامة العائله و الافراد الموجودين بالمنزل ونحن هنا فى شركة تويكسات نمتلك العمالة المدربه و الكفاءات العاليه القادرة على مكافحة الحشرات والقضاء عليها نهائياً دون ترك اي اثار مضره بالصحه للاشخاص و يتم تعقيم المكان بالكامل قبل مغادرة المنزل بارقى انواع العطور وكل هذا يتم بطرق علميه سليمه و امنه جداً ونراعى فها سلامة العميل والعائلة حيث توجد فى شركتنا معايير للاختيار المبيد الحشرى باعلى دقه يمكن ان يجدها العميل فهذه من احد عوامل السلامه ونجرى عليها اختبارات مكثفه و مثاليه حتى نتاكد من سلامته . الفضل لله ثم لكم شركتنا تعد من افضل شركات مكافحة الحشرات بالرياض و من الرواد الحقيقيين في مجال مكافحة الحشرات في جميع نواحي الرياض و المناطق المجاوره وذلك بسبب تقيدنا بالامانه والحزم وطرق اختيار العمالة والمبيدات الحشريه وكل هذا يتم على اساس علمى بحت تحت اشراف اكبر الباحثين و المطورين في عالم الكيمياء المعالجه . شركة تنظيف منازل بالرياض شركة تنظيف مجالس بالرياض شركة تنظيف موكيت بالرياض شركة مكافحة حشرات بالرياض شركة مكافحة النمل الابيض بالرياض شركة رش مبيدات بالرياض شركة نقل عفش بالرياض
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